One of the great lies in modern evangelicalism today is the age of accountability; that is, children who die before attaining a certain age get to go straight to heaven. But that’s a straight up lie. The fact of the matter is, children do not get a pass. In fact, there is nowhere in scripture that states anything remotely even resembling an age of accountability.
So what does happen to the dead children? The answer is simple. The same as everyone else. If they are in Christ, then they shall be in heaven with him and if not they shall go to the lake of fire prepared for the devil and his angels. Though the Bible doesn’t exactly say much on dead children, it’s overwhelmingly clear that all have sinned and fall short the glory of God and that apart from Jesus Christ you cannot be saved. There are no ifs, ands, or buts about it. If he makes an exception, than the whole gospel falls apart.
Now that’s not too say that scripture doesn’t offer comfort in such situations. Faith comes through hearing. Please note, scripture doesn’t say, “faith comes through hearing and understanding,” but only says, “faith comes through hearing.” How glorious are these words when but a small fetus in the womb can hear the gospel faithfully preached to it through its mother’s belly.
Also, it is Christ who gives us our faith, we don’t come to it on our own. Alas, just as we adults don’t come to a decision for Jesus, neither does the child, but Christ through his own mercy will grant faith to whom he chooses.
My friends, scripture doesn’t say a lot about children who die and we dare not speak where scripture has not spoken, but with authority we can boldly proclaim on what scripture has clearly spoken.